300 Level

302 - Evolution
Life on our planet, in all its wonderful diversity, has evolved to be this way. This course will introduce the student to the core concepts of Darwinian natural selection, the process of speciation, methods of phylogenetic construction, the relationship between phylogenetics and taxonomy, analysis of evolutionary patterns, the history of life on Earth, and selected topics including human evolution and social behaviour. Prerequisites: BIOL 201, 204 or permission of the instructor. Three credits and tutorial.

304 - Vertebrate Physiology
This course uses an integrative approach to study the function of organ systems, including neural, cardiovascular, muscular, respiratory, renal, reproductive and endocrine. Examples of how vertebrates, including humans, respond to different demands imposed by their environment and activities will be discussed. Credit will be granted for only one of BIOL 304 or BIOL 251/252. Prerequisite: BIOL 201. Three credits and lab.

307 - Field Biology
Provides practical experience in the observation, collection, identification and quantification of organisms in nature. Held for two weeks in the spring session, the course emphasizes field ecology, dealing with some or all of the following groups of organisms: birds, small mammals, fish, plants, marine algae, marine invertebrates and insects. Prerequisite: BIOL 203. Three credits and lab.

308 - Biology of Populations
This course covers the principles of plant and animal population dynamics. The
great diversity in growth, survival, reproduction, and dispersal patterns in aquatic
and terrestrial populations is examined. Contents include theory, evidence from
experimental studies and the interaction between the environment and populations.
Prerequisite: BIOL 203 or permission of the instructor. Three credits.

311 - Coastal Marine Ecology
An introduction to coastal marine habitats and the factors that influence the population and community structure of primary producers and consumers. The course includes an overview of marine ecological theory, field work, and laboratory observations. focusing on Nova Scotia shores. Prerequisite: BIOL 203. Three credits, lab and research project.

315 - Introductory Microbiology
Provides a broad perspective on the microbial world and its role in the biosphere. The diversity, morphology and physiology of prokaryotic microorganisms will be discussed. Laboratories stress basic microbiological techniques including microscopic examination, isolation from natural environments, enumeration and examination of physiology. Prerequisites: BIOL 201, 204; CHEM 220, or CHEM 225 and 255. Open to human kinetics students upon completion of CHEM 220, or CHEM 225 and 255. Three credits and lab.

320 - Biology of Cancer
An introduction to the problem of cancer, emphasizing the cellular and molecular biology of carcinogenesis in humans. The multi-causal, multi-step nature of the process will be highlighted, including the role of viruses, oncogenes, carcinogens and ionizing radiations. Prerequisite: BIOL 204. Three credits and lab.

331 - Statistical Methods
An investigation of statistics and experimental design in the context of biological and health science issues. Topics include analysis of variance, categorical data; distribution-free tests; linear and multiple regression. Students will learn to analyze data and interpret conclusions using a statstical software package. Recommended strongly for all major, advanced major, and honours students. Credit will be granted for only one of STAT 331, PSYC 394, PSYC 390. Cross-listed as STAT 331. Prerequisite: STAT 101 or 224 or 231. Three credits and a one-hour lab.

335 - Developmental Biology 
The course provides an introduction to the means by which animals replicate themselves. Students will be introduced to experimental methods, intercellular communication, the diversity of different ways that animals develop and the role of gene regulation therein. Laboratories will highlight topics covered in lecture and introduce students to some experimental techniques. Prerequisites: BIOL 201, 204. Three credits and lab.

342 - Invertebrate Zoology
A comparative study of invertebrate animals and their adaptations, including their morphology, behaviour, physiology, ecology and evolution. Students will learn the remarkable diversity of both form and function in these animals. At the same time, students will refine their powers of observation, improve their ability to ask and answer critical questions about organisms, and design experiments that will lead to further insight into invertebrate zoology. Prerequisite: BIOL 201. Three credits and lab.Next offered 2019-2020.

343 - Comparative Anatomy of Vertebrates
A comparative study of the anatomy and evolution of chordate animals with emphasis on the vertebrates, including humans. In the laboratory, students will study the anatomy of representative vertebrates and will complete a project focusing on local wildlife. Prerequisite: BIOL 201. Three credits and lab.

345 - Communities and Ecosystems
An outline of the essential theory of community and ecosystem ecology, including climate drivers, mineral cycles, energy flow and community structure. The concepts of succession, food webs and biodiversity are illustrated with comparative examples drawn from a variety of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Prerequisites: BIOL 201, 202, 203. Three credits.

360 - Global Change Biology 
This course analyzes major anthropogenic phenomena that are currently affecting natural systems at a global scale. Topics include global warming, ocean acidification, species invasions, habitat fragmentation, and overfishing, focusing on the effects of such processes on aquatic and terrestrial organisms. Successful mitigation and conservation strategies are evaluated. Prerequisites: BIOL 201, 202, 203. Three credits.

374 - Human Neuropsychology
Neuropsychology is the study of how damage to the brain causes changes in thoughts and behaviours. Cognitive changes associated with specific diseases/ conditions will be the focus of the course (e.g., Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, etc.). Examples of cognitive and behavioural symptoms will be presented via videos, audio recordings, and performance on neuropsychological tests. The assessment of cognitive processes will be introduced and relevant structural and functional neuroanatomy will be reviewed. Cross-listed as PSYC 373. Prerequisite: 12 credits PSYC; PSYC 230 recommended but not required. Three credits.

381 - Selected Topics
The topic for 2019-2020 is Comparative Endocrinology.  Prerequisites BIOL 251 and 252 or BIOL 304. Three credits. Subject to Dean's approval.

391 - Junior Seminar
This course will assist students in choosing a career, gaining admission to graduate or professional school and help honours students choose a supervisor and prepare for their honours thesis work. Required for all biology advanced major and honours students in their third year. No credit.

395 - Cell Biology
An introduction to the eukaryotic cell, including relationships between biochemical mechanisms and organelle functions, and techniques used to study cell function. Prerequisites: BIOL 201, 204; CHEM 220 or 255. Three credits and lab.